Ethanol Science

Ethanol - Energy Independence

Renewable ethanol directly displaces the amount of crude oil we need to import, offering our country critically needed independence and security from foreign sources of energy.

Current U.S. ethanol production of 3 billion gallons per year can reduce gasoline imports by 35% and effectively extends gasoline supplies at a time when refining capacity is at its maximum. The 5 billion gallon ethanol production level contemplated in the "Renewable Fuels Standard" could reduce oil imports by nearly 350,000 barrels per day.

Ethanol is key to reducing our country's trade deficit in crude oil, a figure that has been steadily increasing.

U.S. Trade Deficit in Crude Oil
1987 $27 billion 1990 $43.7 billion 1999 $59.2 billion
2002 $100 billion 2003 $130 billion

Energy Independence Facts:
The U.S. imports about two-thirds of its oil, and some experts predict our dependence upon foreign crude could climb to 70% in the years to come

For every barrel of ethanol produced, 1.2 barrels of petroleum are displaced at the refinery.

Since 1980, U.S. ethanol production has replaced over 20 billion gallons of imported gasoline.

U.S. fuel consumption increased from 12 billion gallons per year in 1970, to 160 billion gallons in 2002.

The U.S. imports 37 million gallons of gasoline per day, an amount that has more than doubled in just the past three years.

Source: American Coalition for Ethanol


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